Umboniso

Uyintoni umahluko phakathi kwefayibha ebonakalayo kunye nentambo yokubonakalayo

2021-07-29

1 Inkcazo yekhebula elibonakalayo

Iziko lefayibha yokubonisa ihlala ingumbala owenziwe ngeglasi, kwaye undoqo ujikelezwe yimvulophu yeglasi enesalathiso esisezantsi sokuphinda ubonakalise kunombindi, ukuze uphawu lwe-optical olufakelwe kumbindi lubonakaliswe lujongano lokubopha, ukuze isiginali ebonakalayo inokusasazeka kumbindi. qhubeka. Ngenxa yokuba ifayibha ebonakalayo ibuthathaka kakhulu kwaye ayinakusetyenziswa ngokuthe ngqo kwinkqubo yokufaka iintambo, ihlala ibotshwa ngeqokobhe lokukhusela ngaphandle kunye nocingo oluqinileyo embindini. Le yinto ebizwa ngokuba yi-cable optical, edla ngokuba ne-fiber enye okanye ngaphezulu.

2 Ukuhlelwa kweentambo ezibonakalayo

Ngokwemimandla yokusetyenziswa eyahlukeneyo, iintambo zamehlo zinokwahlulwa zibe ziintambo ezibonakalayo zangaphakathi kunye neentambo zangaphandle zamehlo.

Iimpawu ze-cable optical

Intambo ebonakalayo yangaphakathi yintambo eyenziwe yifayibha ebonakalayo (isithuthi sokuhambisa umbane) ngenkqubo ethile. Iqulathe ikakhulu imicu ebonakalayo (intambo yeglasi encinci ezinjengeenwele), imikhono yokukhusela yeplastiki kunye neeplastiki. Akukho sinyithi sinje ngegolide, isilivere, ubhedu kunye nealuminium kwikhebula elibonakalayo, kwaye ngokubanzi alinaxabiso lokurisayikilisha.

Intambo ebonakalayo ye-Optical luhlobo lonxibelelwano oluqonda ukuhanjiswa kwesiginali ebonakalayo. Isiseko sekhebula senziwe ngenani elithile leentsinga zamehlo ngendlela ethile, kwaye sigutyungelwe ngesingxobo, kwaye ezinye zigqunywe ngomthi ongaphandle.

4 Iimpawu zodidi ngalunye lwekhebula elibonakalayo

Iimpawu zekhebula lokungena ngaphakathi: Amandla eqine wekhebula yangaphakathi ebonakalayo incinci, umaleko okhuselayo ulihlwempu, kodwa ulula kwaye uqoqosho ngakumbi. Iintambo zangaphakathi ezibonisa ubukhulu becala zilungele iinkqubo ezisezantsi zeentambo kunye nenkqubo yemiqolo ethe nkqo ethe nkqo. Iintambo zombane zangaphandle zisetyenziswa ikakhulu kwinkqubo esezantsi yeqela lokwakha, kwaye zinokusetyenziselwa ukungcwaba ngaphandle ngokuthe ngqo, ipayipi, ngaphezulu nangaphezulu nokubekwa emanzini kunye nezinye izihlandlo.

Iimpawu zentambo ye-optical yangaphandle: Iqulathe ikakhulu ifayibha ebonakalayo (intambo yeglasi ebhityileyo enjengeenwele), umkhono weplastiki okhuselayo kunye nesingxobo seplastiki. Akukho sinyithi sinje ngegolide, isilivere, ubhedu kunye nealuminium kwikhebula elibonakalayo, kwaye ngokubanzi alinaxabiso lokurisayikilisha. Iintambo zefibre optic zangaphandle zinamandla aphezulu okuqina, umaleko okhuselayo otyebileyo, kwaye zihlala zixhobile (oko kukuthi, zisongelwe ngesikhumba sensimbi). Iintambo ezibonakalayo zangaphandle zilungele ikakhulu unxibelelwano phakathi kwezakhiwo naphakathi konxibelelwano olukude.